Where are The Latinxs? Diversity in Caldecott Winner and Honor Books

  • Melanie Koss
  • Miriam G. Martinez
  • Nancy J. Johnson


This content analysis of Caldecott books from 1938 to 2015 focused on the ethnicities of the books’ illustrators and authors, as well as the ethnicity of the human main characters. Findings revealed that White authors and illustrators have created approximately 87% of the Caldecott books, and the large majority of main characters have been White. Taking a more nuanced look at the Latinx books, we found that most of the Latinx authors and illustrators did not create stories about their own cultures while many of the Latinx main characters were created by authors and illustrators from other cultures.

Research and Criticism / Investigaciones y Crítica